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July 23, 2013 at MetroCentre Hotel Tagbilaran
May 20-22, 2013 at Dumaguete City

Atty. John Titus Vistal, Provincial Planning and Development Coordinator, underscores the importance of opening data to the public in ensuring a democratic society.

Case Study
Michael Canares, Jare Arawiran, Mariejo Narca, Joseph De Guia
Step UP Consulting Services, Philippines
In 2011, the Department of Interior and Local Government of the Philippines mandated the implementation of the Full Disclosure Policy that requires local government units to post financial and procurement-related information on their websites. Whilst the policy does not mandate publication as open data, the information required is well suited to being published as datasets. Using a case study approach in three provinces, this project will look at how the sharing of governance information online has impacted on local government systems, and how the information and data has been accessed and used by civil society representatives and intermediary groups. The project will identify policies and processes that could support the Philippines to more fully realise an open government data agenda for local government, and will identify challenges currently faced in the supply and use of local government data.
Research Framework
This study will focus on how local government units engage in open data initiatives through its compliance to the full disclosure policy and how it impacts on making governments more transparent and accountable; and whether this process of opening up yields a cyclical process of more opening up of spaces for the governed to engaged with the bureaucracy. This is best illustrated by the diagram below, inspired by the overall research framework of the Emerging Impacts program.
Research Parameters
The figure on the left indicates the how the researchers will pursue the research, and the kind and the manner by which questions are asked and to whom these are directed.
LGUs set up information systems (e.g. posting of governance information in websites) that are accessible to the governed. Citizens, however, have legislated avenues of participation – either as citizens, or as a group of people with common interests (business, civil society groups, media). Thus, making information available does not only impact individual citizens but also groups that are accessing this information which consequently structures the way they participate in the realm of governance. This in turn impacts the LGU bureaucracy and the way they govern.
The Research Team
Michael Canares
Team Leader
Miko is a graduate of law and accountancy. He also took up a masters degree in Development Studies at the London School of Economics. He has worked with the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, and in research projects funded by the Ford Foundation, the United Nations Development Program, The Asia Foundation, the United States Agency for International Development, World Vision, Feed the Children, among others. Mr. Canares also has a significant amount of work done with local government units and special planning bodies and is holding an advisory position to ten local government units in the country. Mr. Canares has presented in more than 10 international conferences. His recent research appears in an edited volume on Urbanisation and Development (Oxford University Press, 2012) and the Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship (2011).
Jaremilleta Arawiran
Jare is a Phd candidate at the University of San Carlos (USC) in Cebu City with Research and Evaluation as her major field of study. She holds a bachelor’s degree in Mathematics from the Ateneo de Manila University, a masters degree in Mathematics at USC, and has taught mathematics and statistics at Holy Name University since 2003. Ms. Arawiran has extensive research experience as a statistician in different research projects, more notably the Bohol Poll (an annual provincial public opinion polling system) and municipal planning monitoring of local government units. Ms. Arawiran is a sought- afterspeaker on different mathematics, statistics, and research topics more particularly on sampling, research design, assessment and questionnaire construction, data analysis, SPSS, and public opinion polling. She is a member of the Philippine Statistical Society and the National Council on Measurement of Education.
Joseph De Guia
Joseph holds a masters degree in Information Technology from the Carnegie Mellon University in Australia. He is currently the Knowledge Management and Business Analyst of AusAID-PRMF. Mr. de Guia have extensive experience in application development, database administration, web development, content management, and project and process modelling. Mr. de Guia is also a Computer Science graduate and has been an associate professor at Mapua Institute of Technology. Mr. de Guia’s research work on electronic health records, government enterprise architecture, project management, and GIS spatial analsysis has been presented in international and local conferences. He has also worked as project manager in Australia on enterprise architecture development, asset management, CRM, and patient record management system.
Mariejo Narca
Marjo was once a Dean of the College of Computer Science of Holy Name University before she works as full time associate in the Center for Local Governance. A member of the Philippine Society of Information Technology Educators and the Java Education and Development Initiative, Ms. Narca has been engaged in consulting work with Step Up since 2006, more particularly in developing user-friendly, easy-to-use systems that would track progress of community development projects in the Philippines in a format that is readily accessible to different users and stakeholders. Ms. Narca holds a degree in information and computer science, and about to complete a masters degree in computer science.
Marilou Epe-Sale
Administrative Officer
Lot will assist in the project administration of the research and will serve as the main finance contact.
The ODDC Project

The Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries (ODDC) project aims to to establish practical and actionable knowledge about effective strategies for employing open data as means to achieve greater quality of openness in government, support citizens’ rights, and promote more inclusive development in developing countries.

The funding for this work has been provided through the World Wide Web Foundation ‘Exploring the Emerging Impacts of Open Data in Developing Countries’ research project, supported by grant 107075 from Canada’s International Development Research Centre ( Find out more at
Step Up Consulting Services

STEP UP Consulting Services is a social enterprise providing development research, capacity building, and financial management services to non-government organizations, local government units, community based associations, as well as government agencies and funding institutions. To date, Step Up boasts of a roster of professionals in the field of participatory research, facilitation, financial management, internal audit, external audit, service process improvement, monitoring and evaluation, process and output documentation, project development and management, local governance, and community development. The organization’s pool of consultants is development workers, university professors, and post graduate students committed to providing quality service in the name of development.

Step Up is organized to meet the needs of organizations in Bohol and in the country for professional services. It works on a socialized rates basis where professionals volunteer work for less than their regular pay to clients who are unable to afford quality services because of prohibitive costs. Step Up also runs a community extension program, a scholarship for high school students, with funds taken out from its annual operating surplus. Likewise, it provides opportunities for academics and practitioners to work on issues that will not otherwise be supported by the organizations that employ them.
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